The Regional Development Mission for Asia’s Biodiversity and Forestry Analysis for Effective USAID Development Programming conducted a regional biodiversity and forestry analysis to enable the mission’s regional and country strategies, as well as non-presence countries for which it is responsible, to comply with Sections 118 and 119 of the 1961 Foreign Assistance Act, as amended.
The 118/119 analysis required answering two questions:
- What are the ‘actions necessary’ to conserve biodiversity and tropical forestry?
- To what extent is the mission meeting those needs?
The geographic scope of this analysis included 18 countries categorized into four sub-regions:
- Mekong Southeast Asia (Burma, Cambodia, Laos, Thailand, and Vietnam)
- Insular Southeast Asia-Pacific (Indonesia, Malaysia, Papua New Guinea, the Philippines, the Solomon Islands, and Timor-Leste)
- South Asia (Bangladesh, India, the Maldives, Nepal, Bhutan, and Sri Lanka)
The regional analysis included abbreviated bilateral-type analyses for China, Laos, and Thailand (the non-presence countries). In addition, a full, separate bilateral analysis and report was conducted for Burma, due to the size and nature of the regional mission’s activities there.
The analysis also identified regional trends, gaps, and opportunities in biodiversity and forestry, and ways to better mainstream those considerations into the mission’s development programming. An important outcome was a set of concrete recommendations for how the regional mission can approach programming across its principal sectors/strategic objectives to take advantage of opportunities for scaled-up biodiversity and forestry impact in the region.
The mission had four strategic objectives that were are in the process of being implemented through activities across four technical offices, and the 118/119 assessment included involvement of all of them: the Office of Public Health, Office of Governance and Vulnerable Populations, General Development Office, and Regional Environment Office.
Additionally, the regional assessment aimed to provide an opportunity for the mission to engage other USAID biodiversity and forestry colleagues in Asia and Washington, D.C. The assessment helped to synthesize bilateral 118/119 assessment reports, which exist for most bilateral missions, to identify common challenges, trends, and regional drivers affecting biodiversity and forests.
Project Duration: 2011 - 2012