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Working to Strengthen the Private Sector for Economic Growth and Stabilization in Pakistan

The Pakistan Firms project improved government service delivery and developed internationally competitive firms to accelerate sales, investment, and job growth, and produce high value-added products and services, to undercut the basis for extremism.

Socioeconomic stabilization of vulnerable areas in Pakistan is of strategic interest and an urgent priority of the U.S. government. A primary prerequisite for this stabilization is a robust and competitive private sector resulting from a market-driven economic environment and enabling policies. The USAID Pakistan: Firms project was a key implementer of USAID/Pakistan’s economic growth and stabilization strategy. The project assisted targeted firms and sectors that offered the greatest opportunity for growth, exports, and employment. Through this project, Chemonics worked with district governments, alongside other local businesses and organizations, to create jobs and support economic growth and stability.​

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​The project had two complementary components designed to enhance economic growth: business enabling environment and value chain development. The business enabling environment component improved the capabilities of government, primarily at the district level, to accelerate and facilitate economic opportunity in vulnerable districts. To achieve this component, the project supported agricultural produce market reforms and livestock sector reforms across Punjab, Sindh, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, and Balochistan provinces. The primary focus of the value chain development component was development of sales opportunities for private businesses in select value chains. The project liaised with government, primarily through the business enabling environment component, and worked directly with local industry, as the private sector has the most potential to generate economic growth.

The project also supported sustainability in the tourism and mango industries, fisheries, and other targeted business sectors. In addition, the project implemented the Malakand Revitalization Program, a comprehensive activity plan to revitalize economic growth in the conflict and flood-affected Malakand region of the Khyber Pakhtunkhwa Province. Under this program, the project disbursed in-cash and in-kind grants to damaged hotels and fish farms in Swat to help revitalize the region’s once-vibrant tourism sector. The project also rolled out a tourism promotion campaign for the region, targeting domestic and international tourists.

The Firms project had a great deal of success in the mango industry. Under a cost-share agreement, the project provided mango processing lines, blast chiller and cold storage equipment, de-sapping equipment, plastic harvest crates, water filtration plants, ethylene generators, and stand-by diesel generators to partner mango farmers. It also provided assistance to farmers to achieve Global G.A.P certification. The project’s training program for the mango sector was designed to reach exporters, agriculture extension workers, and a greater mass of small farmers in rural Punjab and Sindh to improve orchard care and harvesting techniques. The project also assisted in the participation of industry representatives in international fruit exhibitions and conducted buyer-seller conferences as part of its efforts to improve mango sales and create opportunities for employment.

Project Duration: 2009 - 2014

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