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Supporting the Transition to Peace in Nepal

To increase access to information, diversify public debate on political issues, and increase local engagement and participation in the peace process, the Nepal Transition Initiative implemented a series of grant activities to support the country in its transition to peace.
​During the USAID Nepal Transition Initiative, active from 2006 to 2011, Nepal ended a Maoist insurgency, removed its monarchy, and began writing a new constitution that promised to change the system of governance and state structure. The project initiated programming around milestone events in Nepali history such as the Election Commission’s voter registration campaign and the signing of the Comprehensive Peace Agreement to better support the people of Nepal in their movement toward peace. Although many obstacles remain, the transition has been a remarkable achievement by the people of Nepal.
Beginning with the May 2008 elections, Chemonics supported the transition to democracy through community outreach (targeting youth and marginalized groups), infrastructure, communication, and training grants designed to spread awareness of the electoral process and increase local engagement and participation in the peace process. The project strived to improve the effectiveness of political institutions, expand access to information, and diversify public debate on issues critical to the transition.
The project implemented 521 grant activities targeting five areas: community stabilization, key political transition agreements and processes, media strengthening, elections, and social institution. In one example, the project supported the Constituent Assembly by providing media and communications equipment to promote civic participation. It also helped launch a television series on transitional issues that reached seven million viewers, a photo exhibition titled “A People War” documenting the impact of the conflict that toured 20 towns and was seen by more than 180,000 people, and hundreds of radio shows that linked local governments to their communities.
Project Results:
  • Communities matched 96% of the project’s contribution in labor, materials, and other support.
  • Activities mobilized more than 123,000 youth across 11 districts of Nepal’s tensest region.
  • 450 communities repaired their own roads, schools, community centers, and water taps in a region where local development had been severely lacking in the past decade.
  • 92% of project grants went to Nepali civil society and media organizations.
  • 60% of project funding went to local-level organizations based in 35 districts outside of Kathmandu.
  • 521 grants awarded to 202 organizations.

Final Report

Project Duration: 2006 − 2011.


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