Facing an estimated 30 percent drop in rainfall since the 1980s, while 80 percent of its population earns their livelihood from farming, Mali remains particularly vulnerable to the impact of climate change. The Mali Climate Change Adaptation Activity (MCCAA), funded by USAID, aims to share weather information more effectively and create community-driven systems that can better respond to climate variability.
This activity builds on the Mali National Meteorological Agency’s flagship Agrometeorological Advisory Program, which was a community-driven forecasting and seasonal climate service dating from the 1982 drought response. MCCAA promotes the provision and use of accurate, appropriate, and timely climate information to vulnerable populations and helps commune-level governance systems integrate climate change considerations into their activities. The program also increases the adoption of locally appropriate solutions to climate variability and change by communities and individual households.
MCCAA helps vulnerable communities access and more effectively use climate information and create local solutions to climate variability. The activity is also building the institutional capacity of the Mali National Meteorological Agency to provide appropriate climate information and services, focusing on information packaging to optimize agricultural decision-making, and ultimately to encourage climate-sensitive behavior. It is working in 25 initial communes in the Mopti region of central Mali, creating local climate-proofing committees and empowering vulnerable communities to record, report, and access data on local climate and agricultural conditions.
MCCAA will empower authorities at the commune, cercle, and national levels to anticipate the impact of their activities and engage in contingency planning in case of natural disasters. The project’s approach is centered on the participatory Climate Proofing for Development methodology. By viewing development through a climate change lens, communities can plan agricultural activities while keeping their climate impact in mind.