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Advancing Land Rights Awareness and Policy in Tajikistan

The Land Reform and Farm Restructuring Project is improving government capacity to implement land reform and introducing market-based land practices to empower farmers in Tajikistan to better control their livelihoods.

Agriculture is a key economic driver in Tajikistan, employing more than 75 percent of the labor force. Household farms are a vital source of income and food for rural households. However, the average farm size is 0.1 hectares, and the farms seldom provide enough for subsistence. The Tajik government has identified completion of agrarian reform — particularly expansion of land rights for its citizens — as a top priority.

USAID and Chemonics are responding to this challenge through the Land Reform and Farm Restructuring Project, a three-year project that has set out to empower citizens of Khatlon Province to exercise their property rights and thus achieve greater legal and economic security.

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The project builds on previous efforts to reform Tajik land legislation and increase knowledge of land tenure rights in rural communities, including the Chemonics-led Land Reform Project that ran from 2010 to 2013. That project worked with government stakeholders to reform policy and land legislation, increased access by farmers to legal advisory services on land tenure issues, and built capacity through training and outreach for lawyers, judges, and local government officials on land issues. The Tajik government adopted project recommendations, and in August 2012 a comprehensive set of amendments to the country’s land code was signed into law.

Such efforts have built the foundation for promoting further advancements in the area of land use and tenure. By promoting more expansive reforms and increasing government capacity to implement these changes, the Land Reform and Farm Restructuring Project is positioned to help Tajikistan increase the productivity of the agriculture sector.

Expected results:

  • Approval of a land reform strategy and implementation plan
  • Increased awareness and protection of land use rights
  • Increased capacity of stakeholders — including government officials, legal aid centers, and citizens — to capitalize on land reform


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