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Advancing Land Rights Awareness and Policy in Tajikistan

The Land Reform and Farm Restructuring Project improved government capacity to implement land reform and introduced market-based land practices to empower farmers in Tajikistan to better control their livelihoods.

Agriculture is a key economic driver in Tajikistan, employing more than 75 percent of the labor force. Household farms are a vital source of income and food for rural households. However, the average farm size is 0.1 hectares, and the farms seldom provide enough for subsistence. The Tajik government identified completion of agrarian reform — particularly expansion of land rights for its citizens — as a top priority.

USAID and Chemonics responded to this challenge through the Land Reform and Farm Restructuring Project (LRFRP), a three-year project to empower citizens of Khatlon Province to exercise their property rights and thus achieve greater legal and economic security.

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The project built on previous efforts to reform Tajik land legislation and increase knowledge of land tenure rights in rural communities, including the Chemonics-led Land Reform Project that ran from 2010 to 2013. That project worked with government stakeholders to reform policy and land legislation, increased access by farmers to legal advisory services on land tenure issues, and built capacity through training and outreach for lawyers, judges, and local government officials on land issues. The Tajik government adopted project recommendations, and in August 2012 a comprehensive set of amendments to the country’s land code was signed into law.

Such efforts built the foundation for promoting further advancements in the area of land use and tenure. LRFRP supported the creation of, and amendments to, legislation that dramatically improves the lives of Tajik farmers. By promoting more expansive reforms and increasing government capacity to implement these changes, the project helped Tajikistan increase the productivity of the agriculture sector.  

Project Results

  • Supported the development of 14 pieces of legislation to advance the land reform process. With LRFRP assistance, the new Law on Dehkan Farms was signed into effect by President Rahmon on March 3, 2016.
  • Introduced land reform coursework into 629 high schools throughout the Khatlon region, reaching more than 31,000 students and 1,200 teachers.
  • Provided legal support to Tajik farmers by supporting 12 Legal Aid Centers (LACs). Through the LACs, farmers won 93 percent of cases resulting in the return of 750 hectares of land to 830 farmers.
  • Helped more than 56,000 people acquire documented property rights and provided training that reached more than 88,000 citizens.

Final Report

Project Duration: 2013 - 2016


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