Haiti’s widespread deforestation is in large part due to the high demand and mass production of charcoal used for household energy needs, leaving the population highly vulnerable to severe weather without the protection of wooded watersheds. Approximately 90 percent of Haitian household energy needs are met by firewood and charcoal. This immense dependence on firewood and charcoal is not only detrimental to the environment but also to people’s health. The World Health Organization cites exposure to traditional cook stoves as one of the five most serious health risks in the developing world.
To establish a sustainable market for clean, efficient, and affordable cooking solutions in Haiti, the Improved Cooking Technology Program works closely with the Haitian government and the private sector to increase supply and demand for environmentally-friendly cooking solutions. More efficient cook stoves reduce wood charcoal consumption, slow deforestation, and reduce the risk of serious respiratory illness from smoke inhalation, especially to women and children.
The USAID-funded project aims to reduce pressure on Haiti’s forests, encourage local and sustainable solutions to the environmental concerns, and create cooking options for Haiti that are clean, efficient, affordable, and able to meet local cooking needs. The project focuses on large charcoal consumers in Port-au-Prince, expands the market for improved biomass cook stoves and cleaner fuels, assists clean fuel and cook stove suppliers, and addresses regulatory issues that are limiting the expansion of liquefied petroleum gas in the household market. The project will also leverage emissions reductions resulting from clean cook stove use to generate scale-up revenue through international carbon markets.
- Establish a thriving local market and industry for improved household biomass cook stoves
- Reduce charcoal consumption by large users, particularly food vendors, schools and orphanages
- Build a legal and regulatory framework for liquefied petroleum gas
- Establish a local carbon asset to generate sustainable revenue, increasing the affordability of improved cooking technologies.