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Sustainable Energy Solutions for Haiti

To reduce charcoal consumption and slow island deforestation, the Improved Cooking Technology Program in Haiti encouraged clean cooking solutions including improved biomass cook stoves and fuel conversion to liquefied petroleum gas.
Haiti’s widespread deforestation is in large part due to the high demand and mass production of charcoal used for household energy needs, leaving the population highly vulnerable to severe weather without the protection of wooded watersheds. Approximately 90 percent of Haitian household energy needs are met by firewood and charcoal. This immense dependence on firewood and charcoal is not only detrimental to the environment but also to people’s health. The World Health Organization cites exposure to traditional cook stoves as one of the five most serious health risks in the developing world.
To establish a sustainable market for clean, efficient, and affordable cooking solutions in Haiti, the Improved Cooking Technology Program worked closely with the Haitian government and the private sector to increase supply and demand for environmentally-friendly cooking solutions. More efficient cook stoves reduce wood charcoal consumption, slow deforestation, and reduce the risk of serious respiratory illness from smoke inhalation, especially to women and children.
The USAID-funded project aimed to reduce pressure on Haiti’s forests, encourage local and sustainable solutions to the environmental concerns, and create cooking options for Haiti that are clean, efficient, affordable, and able to meet local cooking needs. The project focused on large charcoal consumers in Port-au-Prince, expanded the market for improved biomass cook stoves and cleaner fuels, assisted clean fuel and cook stove suppliers, and addressed regulatory issues that are limiting the expansion of liquefied petroleum gas in the household market. The project also leveraged emissions reductions resulting from clean cook stove use to generate scale-up revenue through international carbon markets.

Project Results

  • 117,805 new beneficiaries with improved cooking technology
  • 136 business women and community leaders trained on commercialization techniques
  • 36,488 improved biomass cookstoves (ICS) purchased
  • $16 million saved in charcoal expenditures reduction
  • 246 new sale points of improved cookstoves created

Project Duration: 2012 - 2015

Final Report


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